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Climate change has become a global issue that affects not only the environment, but also human livelihoods

 

Climate change has become a global issue that affects not only the environment, but also human livelihoods. To address this challenge, every sector in our society are encouraged to enhance cooperative actions, and set international standards. Rice farmers are no exception. As rice production plays a part in greenhouse gas emission, effective practices are necessary to tackle the problem without burdening farmers with high costs. Thailand, the world’s second largest rice exporter, is now on the path to a healthy balance between human activities and nature. Rampha Khamhaeng, a rice farmer in Suphanburi province, has adopted a new farming method for paddy fields, called “alternate wetting and drying”.  The technique could reduce both water use and methane created by organic substances deteriorating underwater in the fields. Initiated by GIZ, the German government aid agency, in partnership with the Thai government, the method also saves time and money spent on diesel to pump water to the farm. The Thai project, meant to target 100,000 households in Suphanburi and five other provinces, is part of a new push by campaigners and governments to reduce the climate impact of rice. Sawanee Phorang, another Suphanburi farmer, volunteered to try laser land levelling, a technique to reduce the use of water and fertilizer by producing flatter rice fields. It helps reduce fuel costs by 50 per cent. These climate-friendly farming techniques are some of the solutions, showing the possibility of how our activities could mitigate the impacts caused by the changing climate.

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