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Integrated Farming

Integrated Farming combines two processes in tandem to reap a broader benefit. Tilapia fish released into rice fields was His Majesty's earliest venture. Since then, he has concentrated on a core tenet of Integrated Farming: utilising waste matter from one process as raw material for another. Key projects are:
 
1. Rice field enrichment. Vegetables are planted as cash crops in the months between rice cultivation seasons (June-December). The crop is then ploughed under before the commencement of the next rice planting season to enrich the soil. The process thereby substitutes bio-fertilizer for chemical fertilizers.
 
2. In upland areas where sweet corn and long beans are the main crops, the by-product from mushroom culture is used to improve soil fertility. To enhance productivity, chemical-free crops and vegetables are planted, using bio-extracted liquid from plants and animal carcasses to replace chemical substances.
 
3. Chickens, ducks, and geese help eliminate weeds so there is no need for pesticides and herbicides. Chickens are also raised in pomelo plantations to control insects.
 
4. Animal husbandry: Pigs, mandarin ducks, geese, frogs, and fish are fed plant waste in order to reduce the cost of animal feed. Duck and chicken cages are built above fish pond. Their droppings fall into the pond as food for the fish. Moreover, the pond water becomes nutrient rich so that after the fish have been harvested, the water can be released into fields to fertilize the soil.
 

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